Before going details into ‘baldness’, let us have a tour to some statistical notions:
  • About 50% of women experience balding
  • 85% of men start balding at 50 years of age
  • 25% of men having genetic related disorder start balding before the age of 21.

WHAT IS BALDING?

The growth of the hair occurs in three phases. The first phase is the Anagen phase which is the growing phase. The next phase is the transition or the Catagen phase where the hair follicles start shrinking. The hair sheds in the last phase or the Telogen phase. When hair falls out at the end of Telogen phase, new hairs begins to grow.

Balding occurs where there is no hair growth after shedding or there is more shedding than the loss.

CAUSES OF BALDING

  • Genetics
  • Aging
  • Hormonal disturbances
  • Some hairstyles like tight pony tails
  • The autoimmune disease-Alopecia areata, thyroid disease, collagen vascular disease
  • The ringworm disease-Tinea Capitis
  • Stress
  • Diet low in iron and protein
It is also to be noted that wearing hats and wigs, dandruffs and frequent shampooing do not cause baldness.

SIGNS OF BALDNESS

  • Receding hairline in men
  • Widening hair part in women
  • Thinning on the head-top.

PREVENTION

  • Limit heat damage such as use of straighteners and curling iron.
  • Regular scalp massage
  • Avoiding tight hairstyles like tight ponytails and braids
  • Eating healthy diet rich in iron and protein
  • Using cooling caps

TREATMENTS

The most common treatment to baldness is the medication.

Certain medicines having Minoxidil, Finasteride help to treat baldness by reducing androgen production and blocking the effects of DHT. The increase in androgen and DHT makes the hair follicle more sensitive to them, as a result of which the Anagen phase shortens, hair follicles shrink and hair falls out earlier than normal.

The next treatment is hormonal therapy. Spironolactone is effective in female pattern Hair Loss as it is a testosterone receptor blocker.

During menopause, estrogen and progesterone therapies slow the balding process in women.

Other than these two, certain medical therapies also help. Laser Therapy, where low energy pulses are used to stimulate hair follicles. PRP therapy, where platelets of own blood are concentrated and injected into the locations of hair loss. Hair Transplant where the hairs are removed from the donor area (permanent zone of hair) and are re-inserted into the bald spots of the scalp.

Our Surgeons

Deepam J. Shah

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, Hair Transplant Surgeon


  • Mumbai, India
  • ₹ 1000

Dr. Sujit Shanshanwal

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology, Hair Transplant Surgeon


  • Mumbai, India
  • ₹ 1000

Dr. Chandrashekhar

DDVL, MBBS, Hair Transplant Surgeon


  • Mumbai, India
  • ₹ 1000

Dr. Amit Kerure

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy Cosmetologist, Dermatologist


  • Mumbai, India
  • ₹ 700

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